Published on August 13th, 2016 | by Daniel Sherman Fernandez0
Redesigned 86 from Toyota
First launched in 2012, the 86 has featured in various motorsports activities, including the 24 Hours of Nürburgring, and competitive 86/BRZ races and rallies, which customers themselves participate in and enjoy. This vehicle has helped to put smiles on the faces of many Toyota customers.
The 86 was developed as a unique rear-wheel-drive vehicle, with intuitive handling, that embodies the essence of driving enjoyment. Featuring the world’s only horizontally opposed (D-4S) engine and an ultra-low center of gravity rear-wheel drive package, it achieves driving enjoyment on an entirely different level to existing sports cars. The 86 is cherished by car-loving customers because it delivers the innate excitement cars have to offer.
The partial redesign of the 86 has focused on its further evolution as a sports car. Toyota has created a vehicle that specializes even more in driving performance and thereby aims to increase the number of sports car fans.
Chief Engineer Tetsuya Tada, who is currently in charge of development on the 86, commented: “We overhauled everything―primarily as a result of technological feedback from the 86’s participation in the 24 Hours of Nürburgring―and repeatedly tested the vehicle on roads all over the world as we manufactured every single part. The new 86 has been perfected to such an extent that, from the moment the steering wheel is gripped and the vehicle accelerates away, every driver will be able to recognize its evolution.
Improvements to the intake and exhaust system parts (in manual transmission models), such as the intake and exhaust manifolds, have led to the further evolution of the horizontally opposed D-4S engine. Maximum torque can be generated at a wide range of engine speeds, while torque has also been improved at low rpms.
The 86 Engine Key Specifications
|Displacement||Transmission||Maximum output||Maximum torque|
|FA-20||1,998 cc||6-speed manual||152 kW [207 PS]/|
|212 N.m [21.6 kgf.m]/|
|6 Super ECT||147 kW [200 PS]/|
|205 N.m [20.9 kgf.m]/|
Steering response and comfort
- Improved suspension and increased body rigidity due to an increase in the number of spot welding points on the rear pillars have resulted in excellent steering response and riding comfort
- The addition of optional SACHS absorbers contribute to even more outstanding steering response and comfort. Evolutions in the external design prioritize driving performance
The pursuit of aerodynamic performance
- From the front to the rear of the 86, down to the finest details, enhanced aerodynamic performance has been prioritized in the establishment and improvement of different features; this has resulted in an exterior design with superior road holding and turning performance.
- A wing-type rear spoiler is equipped as standard on the GT Limited model, contributing to outstanding aerodynamic and handling performance.
- Nose fins, fog-lamp bezel fins, and canards
Superior sensation of nimbleness and a low center of gravity
- With a lower nose and horizontally expanded grill opening compared to the previous model, the 86’s front view emphasizes a low, wide stance
- Bi-Beam LED headlamps are equipped as standard on all models while LED front fog-lamps (equipped as standard on the GT Limited and GT models) have also been utilized, underscoring the vehicle’s fearless, cutting-edge nature
- The 86 features 17-inch aluminum wheels (equipped as standard on the GT Limited and GT models) with machine-cut highlights and gun-metallic paint. The design of the slender, twisted spokes and aluminum wheels accentuate the nimble-looking side view.
- The black section of the rear bumper has been horizontally expanded to create a wide, trapezoid stance
- The rear combination lamps now utilize LEDs and their horizontal positioning creates a smart impression
- The 86 features a steering wheel with a diameter of 362 mm―the smallest ever used in a Toyota―with a cross-sectional shape that provides an optimal grip, offering superb maneuverability and steering wheel comfort
- The three-cluster meter built around the tachometer equipped as standard on the GT Limited and GT models) has been modified so that the very top of the meter reads 7,000 rpm, the engine speed around which the vehicle generates maximum output
- The vehicle is equipped with a 4.2-inch TFT color multi-information display (equipped as standard on the GT Limited and GT models). In addition to current fuel economy and cruising distance, it displays a variety of accurate information in real time including G force, power/torque curves, and a stopwatch.
- The instrument panel and door trim of the 86 utilize Grand Luxe®1 (standard in GT Limited models). In addition to improved interior textures, this material limits the glare of light reflected from the outside, helping to create an environment in which the driver can focus on driving.
- The standardized black interior color provides a relaxing interior space, while the door switch bases and heater control panel (both equipped as standard on the GT Limited and GT models) utilize T-mesh carbon-print for a higher quality cabin
- Perforated Alcantara (standard in GT Limited models) is used as the surface material for the seats