Published on June 23rd, 2021 | by Amirul Mukminin0
New Audi RS3 To Come With 400 PS And Rear Torque Splitter
The smallest RS car will be more capable than ever
We already know that despite Audi’s electrification plan, the upcoming RS3 Sportback and Sedan will soldier on with a turbocharged inline-five engine. What we didn’t know is that both will be the first RS-badged cars to feature the automaker’s proprietary rear-axle torque vectoring system called the RS Torque Splitter.
But before we delve deeper into the new feature, let’s see how much grunt the RS3 will have. Displacing 2.5 litres, the TFSI unit develops 400 PS as before but the power now comes on earlier at 5,600 rpm. Torque has increased from 480 Nm to 500 Nm and peaks between 2,250 and 5,600 rpm.
With a seven-speed dual-clutch transmission and a new Launch Control, the RS3 goes from 0 to 100 km/h in 3.8 seconds, which is an improvement of 0.3 seconds over the previous generation RS3. The claimed century sprint time is also 0.1 seconds quicker than its closest rival, the Mercedes-AMG A45 S 4Matic+.
Now, back to the RS Torque Splitter. Using one electronically controlled clutch on each of the respective drive shaft, the system reduces understeer by increasing the drive torque to the outer rear wheel. This does not only provide stability and agility, but also allows the car to go into corners more precisely and accelerate out of one faster.
The RS3 also gets a new RS Torque Rear driving mode, which channels up to 100 percent of the drive torque to the rear wheels, thus enabling the driver to perform controlled drifts or go sideways, as they say. There is also an RS Performance mode that is developed specifically for faster lap times. Interestingly, this mode is tuned to work with Pirelli P Zero Trofeo R tyres, which we understand will be offered as an option.
For more detailed explanation on the RS Torque Splitter, check out the following press release. You can also read the interview with RS3 chassis development and test engineers Frank Stippler and Meic Diessner here.
The Audi RS 3 prototype represents the epitome of unadulterated driving dynamics. This is Audi’s first vehicle to feature the RS Torque Splitter, which distributes drive torque between the rear wheels in a fully variable manner. This results in optimal stability and maximum agility – especially when cornering at high speeds.
How does the RS Torque Splitter work?
The RS Torque Splitter makes active, fully variable torque vectoring between the rear wheels possible. Unlike the rear axle differential and the previous multiple disc clutch package on the rear axle, the torque splitter uses one electronically controlled multiple disc clutch each on the respective drive shaft. During dynamic driving, the torque splitter increases the drive torque to the outer rear wheel with the higher wheel load, which significantly reduces the tendency to understeer. In left-hand curves, it transmits the torque to the right rear wheel, in right-hand curves to the left rear wheel, and when driving straight ahead to both wheels. This results in optimal stability and maximum agility – especially when cornering at high speeds. When driving on closed roads, the torque splitter enables controlled drifts by applying all of the engine power at the rear axle to just one of the rear wheels – up to a maximum of 1,750 newton meters of torque. The exact distribution of drive torque always depends on the mode selected in Audi drive select and the respective driving situation.
Each of the two multiple disc clutches has its own control unit, which use the electronic stabilization control’s wheel speed sensors to measure the wheel speeds. Other influencing factors include longitudinal and lateral acceleration, the steering angle, the position of the gas pedal, the selected gear, and the yaw angle, i.e. the rotational movement around the vertical axis. In addition, the torque splitter is connected to the modular vehicle dynamics controller as a higher-level entity.
Why does the torque splitter improve driving performance?
Due to the difference in propulsive forces, the car turns into the curve even better and follows the steering angle more precisely. This results in less understeer, earlier and faster acceleration when exiting corners, and particularly precise and agile handling – for added safety in everyday use and faster lap times on the racetrack. The torque splitter also compensates for oversteer by directing the torque to the wheel on the inside of the curve or, if necessary, to both wheels.
How is the torque splitter integrated into the driving dynamics system?
Audi drive select modifies the characteristics of the torque splitter and thus the car’s handling depending on the selected mode. Five characteristic curves – Comfort/Efficiency, Auto, Dynamic, RS Performance, and RS Torque Rear – are saved in the system. In this context, engine power is distributed to all four wheels in the Comfort/Efficiency modes, with priority given to the front axle. In Auto mode, torque distribution is balanced, which means that the RS 3 prototype neither understeers nor oversteers. Dynamic mode, on the other hand, tends to transmit as much drive torque as possible to the rear axle – for maximum agility and increased dynamics. This is taken to perfection in RS Torque Rear mode, which allows drivers to perform controlled drifts on closed roads. The highly rear-heavy distribution of the engine power leads to oversteering behavior, with up to 100 percent of the drive torque directed to the rear ending up at the wheel on the outside of the curve. In addition, Audi has adjusted the engine and transmission characteristics. This specific setup is also used by RS Performance Mode, which is designed for the racetrack. It is specially tuned to the Pirelli P Zero “Trofeo R” performance semi-slick tires. In this mode, the torque splitter delivers a particularly dynamic, sporty ride along the longitudinal axis with as little understeer and oversteer as possible. This results in fast acceleration out of corners and thus better lap times.
What role does the modular vehicle dynamics controller play?
The modular vehicle dynamics controller (mVDC) ensures that the chassis systems interact more precisely and more quickly. To do so, this central system captures data from all the components relevant to lateral dynamics. The mVDC synchronizes the torque splitter’s two control units, the adaptive dampers, and the wheel-selective torque control for high-precision steering and handling. All in all, it increases the agility of the entire vehicle, especially on dynamic stretches of road.