Automotive Mercedes Sprinter diesel van

Published on September 16th, 2020 | by Daniel Sherman Fernandez

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Daimler Fined RM6.2 Billion For Emissions Cheating

Who is NOT cheating on its emissions?

This German automaker has been alleged to have violated US federal and California emissions regulations and is now sitting right next to Volkswagen who was first to be fined heavily for emission issues.

German new channel DW NEWS reported that Mercedes-Benz parent, Daimler agreed to pay USD1.5 billion (RM6.2 billion) to the American government and California state regulators. 

U.S. Department of Justice, Environmental Protection Agency and the California attorney general’s office alleges that Mercedes-Benz have installed an emissions defeat device in their diesel powered cars and vans in a bid to bypass emissions testing regulations. This scheme is much like what Volkswagen did during its Dieselgate scandal.

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As much as 250,000 oil-burning Mercedes-Benz vehicles produced between 2009 to 2016 were deemed to have this emissions skirting software pre-programmed. Most of these affected vehicles were Mercedes Sprinter vans (see picture below), but various other diesel passenger vehicles were also involved in this scheme. 

Mercedes Sprinter Diesel Van

Justice Department officials have said that through this settlement, Mercedes Benz will be forced to repair at least 85% of the passenger cars fitted with this emission defeat device in 2 years, while 85% of the affected commercial vehicles must be repaired within three years. Extended warranties must also be offered by Mercedes Benz on certain vehicle parts, in addition to performing emissions testing on affected vehicles every year for the next 5 years.

The agreement also states that $17.5 million (RM 73 million) of the fine incurred by the firm will be used in environmental law enforcement by the state of California. 

In a separate class-action lawsuit, Daimler has also agreed to pay up to $700 million (RM 2.9 billion). Bringing the total penalties incurred by the German automaker to $2.2 billion (RM 9.1 billion). The settling of this case however allows Mercedes Benz to not admit any liability or agree to a buy back of any of the affected vehicles. 

Looking back at the timeline, Mercedes-Benz were performing this emissions cheat right around the same time VW were doing the same thing on its supposedly clean diesel engines. Volkswagen agreed to a $2.8 billion (RM 11.6 billion) settlement in a criminal case regarding this emissions scandal that affected up to 11 million vehicles worldwide. 

This scandal does make one wonder now though, how many other Mercedes Benz diesel vehicles around the world currently has this emissions defeat device fitted. And more importantly which other automaker would be next to be discovered to have cheated in its emissions. Any guesses on which automaker would be next to pay a huge fine?

Mercedes Sprinter diesel van

PRESS RELEASE: U.S. Reaches $1.5 Billion Settlement with Daimler AG Over Emissions Cheating in Mercedes-Benz Diesel Vehicles

Daimler AG to Conduct Nationwide Recall and Repair of Mercedes-Benz Diesel Vehicles, pay over $945,000,000 in Penalties, Perform Projects to Mitigate Pollution, and Revamp Internal Audit Procedures

The U.S. Department of Justice, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and California Air Resources Board (CARB) announced today a proposed settlement with German automaker Daimler AG and its American subsidiary Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC (collectively, “Daimler”) resolving alleged violations of the Clean Air Act and California law associated with emissions cheating. 

Under the proposed settlement, lodged with the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, Daimler will recall and repair the emissions systems in Mercedes-Benz diesel vehicles sold in the United States between 2009 and 2016 and pay $875,000,000 in civil penalties and roughly $70,300,000 in other penalties.  The company will also extend the warranty period for certain parts in the repaired vehicles, perform projects to mitigate excess ozone-creating nitrogen oxides (NOx) emitted from the vehicles, and implement new internal audit procedures designed to prevent future emissions cheating.  The recall program and federal mitigation project are expected to cost the company about $436,000,000.  The company will pay another $110,000,000 to fund mitigation projects in California.  Taken together, the settlement is valued at about $1.5 billion.    

Vehicle manufacturers are required by the Clean Air Act and federal regulations to apply for and receive a certificate of conformity from EPA before selling a new model year vehicle in the United States.  As part of the application process, manufacturers must demonstrate through testing that a vehicle meets applicable emissions standards and disclose to EPA all auxiliary emission control devices (AECDs) and any defeat devices installed in the vehicle. 

The settlement addresses allegations made in separate civil complaints filed by the United States and CARB today in the District of Columbia that, from 2009 to 2016, Daimler manufactured, imported, and sold more than 250,000 diesel Sprinter vans and passenger cars with undisclosed AECDs and defeat devices programmed into the vehicles’ complex emissions control software.  These devices cause the vehicles to produce compliant results during emissions testing.  But when not running a test, the vehicles’ emissions controls perform differently, and less effectively, resulting in an increase in NOx emissions above compliant levels. 

NOx emissions from vehicles play a key role in ground-level ozone production and negatively impact human health.  Indeed, studies have indicated that breathing ozone may cause damage to lung tissue in children and adults, and it may worsen conditions like asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis.  The pollutant has also been linked to cardiac disease. 

“By requiring Daimler to pay a steep penalty, fix its vehicles free of charge, and offset the pollution they caused, today’s settlement again demonstrates our commitment to enforcing our nation’s environmental laws and protecting Americans from air pollution,” said Deputy Attorney General Jeffrey Rosen.

“The message we are sending today is clear.  We will enforce the law.  We will protect the environment and public health.  And if you try to cheat the system and mislead the public, you will be caught,” said EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler.  “Those that violate public trust in pursuit of profits will forfeit both.”

EPA and CARB discovered the defeat devices through testing conducted in the wake of the Volkswagen scandal at EPA’s National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory in Michigan and at CARB’s test laboratory in El Monte, California. 

The settlement requires Daimler to implement a recall and repair program to remove all defeat devices from the affected vehicles at no cost to consumers and bring the vehicles into compliance with applicable emissions standards under the Clean Air Act.  The repair will consist of a software update and replacement of select hardware, which differs across models and model years. 

Daimler must repair at least 85 percent of the affected passenger cars within two years and at least 85 percent of the affected vans within three years.  The company must also offer an extended warranty covering all updated software and hardware, and it must test repaired vehicles each year for the next five years to ensure the vehicles continue to meet emissions standards over time.  Daimler will face stiff penalties if any category of updated vehicles fails to meet applicable emissions standards or if it fails to meet the 85 percent recall rate for passenger cars or vans.   

The settlement further requires Daimler to implement systemic corporate reforms to detect and try to eliminate violations in the future.  This includes conducting significant testing on new diesel and gasoline motor vehicles using a portable emissions measurement system to assess compliance under real-world conditions, installing a robust whistleblower program, enhancing annual AECD and defeat device training for its employees, and performing internal audits subject to review and critique by an external compliance consultant.

Daimler must also replace 15 old locomotive engines with new, less-polluting engines to offset excess NOx emitted from its vehicles. 

The proposed settlement is subject to a 30-day public comment period and court review and approval.  Copies of the consent decree lodged with the court are available here. Further information about the settlement is available on EPA’s website at: https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/daimler-ag-and-mercedes-benz-usa-llc-clean-air-act-civil-settlement.

Opinion and Text by Joshua Chin

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